California Red-Sided Gartersnake

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California Red-Sided Gartersnake
Thamnophis sirtalis infernalis

History
He was captive hatched by a private breeder in North Carolina and has been at CuriOdyssey since September 2011.

Fun Facts
California red-sided gartersnakes are excellent swimmers, and will often go into the water to escape danger.

Recent studies have shown that, contrary to popular belief, gartersnakes are venomous, although the venom isn’t strong enough to harm a human. Gartersnakes will “chew” their food, an action which helps deliver the venom into the prey’s body, as opposed to inject venom into the prey by fangs like other venomous snakes.

Birth Date
2009

Diet in the Wild
Small mammals, amphibians, reptiles, slugs, earthworms, leeches, and eggs.

Diet at the Museum
Small mice and fish, tadpoles.

Life Span
In the Wild: 2-4 years average.
In Captivity: 6-10 years average, maybe up to 20 years.

Habitat
chaparral, farmlands, and grassland, often near ponds, marshes, or streams.

Range
This subspecies is found in California, up to Humboldt Co. and along the coast and bay down to Monterey, (excluding most of the SF Peninsula).

Conservation Status:
No special status for the California red-sided, although some subspecies of T. sirtalis are considered rare, threatened, or even endangered (San Francisco gartersnake).